Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that moves individual hair follicles from a part of the body to a bald or balding part of the body. Grafts containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding are transplanted to the bald scalp.
Hair grows naturally in groupings of 1 to 4 hair. Modern day hair transplantation can achieve a natural appearance by mimicking nature hair for hair. This hair transplant procedure is called Follicular unit transplantation (FUT). Donor hair can be harvested two different ways: strip harvesting, and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
- This is performed on an out patient basis under local anesthesia.
- Strip harvesting technique is the most common and is virtually the gold standard of hair transplant.
- A strip of skin is harvested from the back of the scalp , from an area of good hair growth.
- The resultant wound on the scalp is closed leaving a single fine line closure.
- Follicles of hair are dissected out carefully and very gently from the strip.
- Under local anesthesia the extracted follicles are planted into the bald area.
- Swelling over the eyes is expected but can be controlled with medication
- Head bath is not permitted for 5 days.
- Suture removal on the back of the scalp is donor on the 6th postoperative day.
- Hair growth begins after 2-3 months and is generally complete by 1 year